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Healthy Life Tips 86

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Sabtu, 03 September 2011

Recognize Cancer

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Cancer is a general term for abnormal cell growth, which is growing very fast, uncontrolled, and not in rhythm, which can infiltrate into normal tissues and suppress the normal tissues that affects the functioning of the body.

At first glance difference with Cancer and Tumors

There is a cancer that grows rapidly, there is growing not too fast. Cancer cells will continue to divide, and ignores the rule of law culture. Cancer is not a contagious disease.

Cancer can occur from a variety of tissues in various organs, such as skin cells, liver cells, blood cells, brain cells, stomach cells, intestinal cells, lung cells, cells of the urethra, and various other body cells.

In line with the growth and breeding, cancer cells form a mass of malignant tissue that infiltrate into nearby tissue (invasive) and can spread (metastasize) throughout the body.

Cancer cells are formed from normal cells in a complex process called transformation, which consists of initiation and promotion stages. Cancer occurs because of damage to genetic structures that cause cell growth becomes uncontrolled.

Some factors that could cause damage to genes is:

1. Genetic or congenital abnormality.
Carcinogens (cancer causing substances) which is the most cancer-causing types: viruses (eg Human papillomavirus causes cervical cancer), chemicals (eg cigarette smoke causes lung cancer), a beam of radiation (ultraviolet radiation at the time of blistering can cause skin cancer), etc..

2. Environmental influences.
There are approximately 130 types of cancer, which affects the condition of our bodies with a variety of ways and requires different handling. But all types of cancer have in common: consists of cells that are rapidly dividing and growing uncontrollably.
Non-neoplastic tumors (lumps are not malignant disease) can be manifold:

Cyst: a tumor in the form of fluid-filled bag and in it (dilute or semi-solid). Most of the cyst is a non-neoplastic.

Inflammation: enlargement or tumors due process yaang inflammation caused by infiltration of inflammatory cells - edema - vasodilation.

Hypertrophy: enlargement of an organ due to increased amount of cell - cell constituent tissues.

Hyperplasia: enlargement of an organ due to increased number of cells - the cells constituent tissues.

Dysplasia: enlargement of an organ, due to increased number and increased size of the cells - the cells of different tissues.

The term is not equal to cancer tumors. Tumor is a general term for any abnormal lumps. While cancer is a malignant tumor and spread. Metastatic spread is called. Cancer has different characteristics. Tumors and cancers have real differences as follows:

Benign tumors are not cancer: Benign tumors are rarely life-threatening, are generally benign tumors can be removed completely and rarely grow back, benign tumors do not invade into surrounding tissue, benign tumors do not spread to other body parts.
Then cancer called malignant tumors: Malignant tumors are generally more serious than benign tumors and can be life-threatening, malignant tumors can be removed, but sometimes they can grow back, malignant tumor cells can invade surrounding tissue, malignant tumor cells can spread to other parts of the body (metastasis ).

Various Types of Cancer Need to Know

Cancer is not a disease but a group of diseases. Cancer is classified by type of tissue where the cancer cells were derived or based on the location of the body where they grow. For the record, some types of cancer are mixed. The following are the types of cancer:

1. Carcinoma: Cancer derived from epithelial tissue that covers a surface of the organ, gland or body structure. For example: gastric cancer is a carcinoma. Many carcinomas affect organs or glands associated with the secretion (income of a product), such as breasts that produce milk. Carcinoma cases as much as 80-90% of all cancers.

2. Sarcoma: Cancer comes from the supporting tissue such as cartilage, fat, muscle, tendon and bone. For example: osteosarcoma (bone, chondrosarkoma (cartilage).

3. Lymphoma: Cancer derived from nodules or lymph nodes (lymphatic system) that produce white blood cells, cleanse the body fluids. Example: Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

4. Leukemia: Cancer derived from bone marrow that are useful for producing white blood cells (leukocytes) and blood clotting cells (platelets). Example: Leukemia mielogenus acute / chronic, acute lymphocytic leukemia / chronic.

5. Myeloma: Cancer is derived from plasma cells in bone marrow. Example: Plasmasitoma, multipe myeloma.

In order to detect cancer early, you need to know the symptoms found in cancer. Symptoms that appear depend on the type, location and stage of cancer. Symptoms of cancer in general is as follows:

1. Swelling of the affected organs (eg there are lumps in the breast, stomach, etc.).
Changes color (eg color change mole).

2. Chronic fever: In relation to cancer, prolonged fever or come and go can be a warning sign for the immune system. Fever is usually associated with a type of blood-related cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma, but also commonly found in patients with advanced cancer.

3. The occurrence of chronic cough (especially lung cancer) or a voice change (on cancer in the neck). If there is blood and thick mucus when they cough, it could be a symptom of lung cancer.

4. Changes in the digestive system or the bladder (eg changing patterns of BAB, BAB-blooded, etc.).

5. Decreased appetite and weight loss: It may be a marker for many types of diseases including cancer. The reduced weight of 5 kg or more unplanned needs to be sent to the doctor. This type of weight loss can occur with or accompanied berkuangnya appetite.

6. Discharge or abnormal blood (eg, abnormal discharge from the nipple).

7. Often feel fatigue: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms experienced by cancer. This is common in advanced cancer, but can also occur at an early stage in some types of cancer.

Remember, that the symptoms noted above are common symptoms. If you experience one or two symptoms as mentioned above, you should direct health check to detect early on the possibility of cancer cells in your body. Usually, the doctor's diagnosis will be based on perceived patient's symptoms, findings on physical examination, laboratory test results on the sign of the tumor, radiological examination: X-ray, CT scan, MRI, ultrasound.

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