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Sabtu, 03 September 2011

Side Effects of Chemotherapy

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Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to treat various types of cancer. Ordinary given before or after surgery. The goal of chemotherapy is to eradicate all the cancer cells get to the roots, up to a location that is not affordable scalpel and least able to control the cancer cells so as not to spread more widely.

Two Main Objectives Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is often done for two main reasons namely to control or eliminate the tumor to relieve cancer symptoms such as pain. This type of chemotherapy is called palliative chemotherapy.

Another goal of chemotherapy is done to prevent the reappearance of cancer cells after surgery or radiation therapy to control tumor.

This type of chemotherapy is called adjuvant chemotherapy. The way the chemotherapy is working with the target and eliminate cancer cells that grow very rapidly in the body.

Treatment of cancer depends on the type or types of cancer and where the cancer. Age, general health condition of patients and treatment system also affects the process of cancer treatment. In the case of cancer, the main treatment is through:

1. Surgery or Surgery
2. Chemotherapy or by giving drugs
3. Beam radiotherapy or Use of Radiation

In fact, it will usually be used more than one way of treatment. For instance surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and sometimes treatment must be done by using the 3 combination.

Basically the main goal of surgery is to remove the cancer as a whole because the cancer can be cured only if it has not spread to other places. While chemotherapy and radiation intended to kill cancer cells or stop the growth of cancer cells that are still left behind.

Chemotherapy is a treatment process by using medications aimed at killing or slowing the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs are usually administered intravenously or orally. The frequency and duration of chemotherapy depends on the type of cancer, stage, other health problems, types of chemotherapy drugs are prescribed, and other methods of treatment used.

Are There Side Effects of Chemotherapy?

Depending on the type, chemotherapy is given every day, once a week, three weeks, even once a month. How many series of patients have to undergo chemotherapy, also depending on the type of cancer sufferers. The most feared side effects of chemotherapy is. There is-no or severity of side effects of chemotherapy depend on many things, among other types of chemotherapy drugs, the condition of your body, your mental condition, and so on.

Chemotherapy side effects occur because chemotherapy drugs are very powerful, and kill not only cancer cells, but also attack healthy cells, especially cells that divide rapidly. Therefore the side effects of chemotherapy appear on parts of the body that his cells are rapidly dividing. Side effects can arise when doing the treatment or some time after treatment. Side effects that may arise is, among others:

1. The body felt weak
This is a common side effect is found, the onset can be sudden or slow. Indirect disappear with rest, sometimes can continue until the end of treatment.

2. Nausea and vomiting
There are several chemotherapy drugs are more make nausea and vomiting. In addition there are some people who are very prone to nausea and vomiting. This can be prevented by a given anti-nausea drugs before, during, or after chemotherapy treatment.Nausea and vomiting can be short or long.

3. Indigestion
Some types of chemotherapy drugs have an effect diarrhea.There's even a diarrhea accompanied by severe dehydration should be treated. Constipation can sometimes occur. If diarrhea: subtract fiber foods, cereals, fruits and vegetables. Drink plenty to replace lost fluids. When hard-CHAPTER: multiply fibrous foods, moderate exercise whenever possible.

4. Sprue and affect sense of taste
Some chemotherapy drugs cause mouth diseases such as thick or infection. Chemotherapy can also damage taste receptors in the mouth. Changes in sense of taste is usually started a week after the chemotherapy began and lasted for 3-4 weeks.

5. Hair loss
Hair loss is temporary, usually two or three weeks after chemotherapy begins. Can also cause hair breakage near the scalp. Can occur after several weeks of therapy. Hair can grow back after chemotherapy is completed.

6. Muscle and nerve disorders
Some chemotherapy drugs cause tingling and numbness in the fingers or toes, and weakness in leg muscles.

7. Effects on blood
Some types of chemotherapy drugs can affect the bone marrow of work which is the manufacturer of the blood cells, thereby decreasing the number of blood cells. The most frequent is a decrease in white blood cells (leukocytes). Decrease in blood cells occur in every chemotherapy and blood tests will be carried out before the next chemotherapy to ensure blood cell count has returned to normal. Decrease in the number of blood cells can lead to infections, bleeding, and anemia.

8. The skin can become dry and discolored
More sensitive to the sun. Nails grow more slowly and there are white lines across.

9. Hormone production is not stable
Lowered libido and affect fertility in both men and women.

Some dietary supplement products claim to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy as well as rebuild the condition of your body. You can use it, but please check with an expert, and certainly with your doctor as well.

Currently, the increasingly widespread use of herbal medicines (which is increasingly accepted among medical), many clinics that claim to be able to give chemotherapy side effects free herbal. If you intend to use it, make sure that you handle at the clinic is a medical doctor. At least you should consult with a physician who cared for you, and do laboratory tests on a regular basis to monitor the results.

1 komentar:

Mr Nyariadi mengatakan...

chemoterapy that result in hair loss because as saving.

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